الاثنين، 10 ديسمبر، 2012

كتابة مقالة تعبير اللغة الانجليزية Sources and causes of pollution مصادر واسباب التلوث تعليم


في هذا الفيديو سوف نتعلم طريقة سهلة لكتابة مقالات في اللغة الانجليزية عن Sources and causes of pollution مصادر واسباب التلوث , سوف تتعلم أهم تقنيات كتابة موضوع تعبير كمشروع مدرسي بطريقة ذكية, هناك سوف نعلمك منهجية كتابة المقدمة والعرض والخاتمة لموضوع essay في اللغة الانجليزية للتويفل والحصول على درجة عالية في المدرسة, كما ستتعلم كيف تتجاوز الأخطاء عند كتابة مقالة في اللغة الانجليزية بسهولة تامة, أهم الكلمات والمفردات والتعابير التي تحتاجها لكتابة مقالة في اللغة الانجليزية عن Sources and causes of pollution مصادر واسباب التلوث, أهم تقنيات ووسائل ومناهج الكتابة في الانجليزية للمبتدئين. Learn English online with the help of this free website from the British Council with games, stories, listening activities and grammar exercises. Learn English offers English grammar and extensive British English vocabulary sections along with a free English magazine and diary, games, lessons and tests Improve your English grammar, speaking, listening, reading, and vocabulary. Free resources to help you learn English, including phrase guide and vocabulary lists with sound, forums, and shopAir pollution comes from both natural and human-made (anthropogenic) sources. However, globally human-made pollutants from combustion, construction, mining, agriculture and warfare are increasingly significant in the air pollution equation.[11] Motor vehicle emissions are one of the leading causes of air pollution.[12][13][14] China, United States, Russia, Mexico, and Japan are the world leaders in air pollution emissions. Principal stationary pollution sources include chemical plants, coal-fired power plants, oil refineries,[15] petrochemical plants, nuclear waste disposal activity, incinerators, large livestock farms (dairy cows, pigs, poultry, etc.), PVC factories, metals production factories, plastics factories, and other heavy industry. Agricultural air pollution comes from contemporary practices which include clear felling and burning of natural vegetation as well as spraying of pesticides and herbicides[16] About 400 million metric tons of hazardous wastes are generated each year.[17] The United States alone produces about 250 million metric tons.[18] Americans constitute less than 5% of the world's population, but produce roughly 25% of the world’s CO2,[19] and generate approximately 30% of world’s waste.[20][21] In 2007, China has overtaken the United States as the world's biggest producer of CO2,[22] while still far behind based on per capita pollution - ranked 78th among the world's nations.[23] In February 2007, a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), representing the work of 2,500 scientists, economists, and policymakers from more than 120 countries, said that humans have been the primary cause of global warming since 1950. Humans have ways to cut greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the consequences of global warming, a major climate report concluded. But to change the climate, the transition from fossil fuels like coal and oil needs to occur within decades, according to the final report this year from the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).[24] Some of the more common soil contaminants are chlorinated hydrocarbons (CFH), heavy metals (such as chromium, cadmium–found in rechargeable batteries, and lead–found in lead paint, aviation fuel and still in some countries, gasoline), MTBE, zinc, arsenic and benzene. In 2001 a series of press reports culminating in a book called Fateful Harvest unveiled a widespread practice of recycling industrial byproducts into fertilizer, resulting in the contamination of the soil with various metals. Ordinary municipal landfills are the source of many chemical substances entering the soil environment (and often groundwater), emanating from the wide variety of refuse accepted, especially substances illegally discarded there, or from pre-1970 landfills that may have been subject to little control in the U.S. or EU. There have also been some unusual releases of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, commonly called dioxins for simplicity, such as TCDD.[25] Pollution can also be the consequence of a natural disaster. For example, hurricanes often involve water contamination from sewage, and petrochemical spills from ruptured boats or automobiles. Larger scale and environmental damage is not uncommon when coastal oil rigs or refineries are involved. Some sources of pollution, such as nuclear power plants or oil tankers, can produce widespread and potentially hazardous releases when accidents occur. In the case of noise pollution the dominant source class is the motor vehicle, producing about ninety percent of all unwanted noise

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